“The fourth industrial revolution or Industry 4.0 (IR 4.0) as it is commonly known, represents the combination of cyber-physical systems, the Internet of Things, and the Internet of Systems. In short, it is the idea of smart factories in which machines are augmented with web connectivity and connected to a system that can visualize the entire production chain and make decisions on its own.
In this fourth revolution, a range of new technologies will evolve that combine the physical, digital and biological worlds. These new technologies will impact all disciplines, economies, and industries, and even challenge our ideas about what it means to be human.”
– Prof Sattar Bawany (2018)
Leading the Digital Transformation of Organisations
Expert Insights, Business Expert Press, New York